South America Travel Guide
South American countries attract a large number of travelers from around the world, as all together they create a unique place, where history and culture of different nations are merged. South America is a nice place to spend vacation due to long white beaches, lost cultures of the Incas and Aztecs, the Amazon jungle and snow-capped peaks of the Andes. Add the diversity of unusual sights as well as hiking trails and recreation options that are hard to be found anywhere else.
When you visit South America for the first time you probably face a dilemma which country should you pick to start exploring the continent. The majority prefers to start with Peru which has largely preserved its unique culture due to the fact that more than half of the country’s population are indigenous people.
The first place to visit is the ancient city of Machu Picchu. Located high in the mountains it is quite difficult to reach. However, if you do manage to get there, you would get truly spectacular views. While staying there you can visit famous Sun Gate, the ancient observatory and more than two hundred other buildings such as temples and palaces. The main feature of these buildings is that they are rock-cut or built of huge boulders that are carefully adjusted one to another.
A picturesque place in Peru that is worth visiting is the mountain lake of Titicaca. The lake is remarkable due to the fact that people who live there build their huts on reed islands. These huts make up villages. But how they do that? The base for these huts consists of multiple layers of rotten reed laid on top of one another for thousand years.
One of the most famous destinations in South America is Rio de Janeiro, visited for its stunning beaches and colorful carnivals. Carnival is the national pride of Brazil that attracts travelers from around the world to attend it and to dance Samba. The symbol of Rio de Janeiro is the statue of Christ the Redeemer, which is visible from anywhere in the city.
Brazil is also known for its pristine nature, featuring a variety of flora and fauna. Forests along the Amazon River include nearly 60% of all life forms known on Earth. The Waterfalls of Iguazu are the widest waterfalls in the world situated on the border of Brazil and Argentina.
If you get the chance, visit the famous Easter Island (Rapa Nui), which belongs to Chile. The giant stone moai idols are its main sights. They stand with their back to the sea all across the island. These idols have a height range from 1 to 21 meters, and weight up to 20 tons. The reason why ancient inhabitants installed these statues is yet to be discovered so far.
Another mysterious place in South America is a desert of Nazca, which is also known as the pearl of the continent. Mysterious pictures of animals and geometric shapes located there. To watch these pictures you have to look high above the ground as the length of lines is up to 23 km. As with Easter Island, the purpose why these pictures were created is also unknown.
If you find yourself in Bolivia it is worth trying to get to Uyuni salt flats. The salt flats are located in the southern part of the country at an altitude of 3.6 km above sea level. Lake diameter is 300 km, while salt thickness in some parts as high as 10 meters. During winter time frozen salt forms fantastic shapes of enormous size. It is curious that near the lake was built a hotel made of salt blocks.
Bolivia attracts urban travelers with its most mountainous town La Paz, which is located in a huge crater of an extinct volcano. The city itself is located at an altitude of 4 thousand meters above sea level, where no vegetation can be found. Near the town, there is another great sight of moon valley that is a maze of deep canyons.
Activities in South America are an unforgettable experience, an opportunity to plunge into the secrets of ancient civilizations and enjoy the majestic power of wildlife.